Sambar deer are hunted for their antlers, meat, and hides. In some areas, they are considered pests because they can damage crops.
How long do Sambar deer live?
The lifespan of Sambar deer is about 10-20 years. This average varies depending on where they live, whether or not they are hunted, and how healthy the adult Sambar deer is when it reaches maturity.
A recent study observed that some regions have implemented strategies for protecting Sambar deer from hunters, which has increased their lifespan by 6 months to 3 years.
Adult Sambar deer can reach up to 4 feet high at the shoulder, 6.5 feet in length with a tail of 2–3 inches long, and weigh between 200-600 pounds. The lifespan of a female can be slightly longer than a male due to her being spared from hunting pressure most of the time. Their coats vary from grayish brown in the summer to an ashy gray in the winter months. Their tails are brown, and their undersides white with a dark-brown stripe running along both sides of its body.
What are the causes of death for Sambar deer?
The main causes of death for Sambar deer are hunting and being hit by cars. Other causes of death include starvation, dehydration, loss of habitat, disease, parasitism from ticks or gastrointestinal worms, and malnutrition from a lack of food sources.
How can Sambar deer be protected from dying prematurely?
In some areas, it has been suggested that roads be built on the outskirts of a Sambar deer’s territory so that deer do not wander into high-risk areas where they are more likely to get hit by cars which would cause them to die prematurely. This will not only increase their lifespan but also protect them from being hunted as it is illegal to kill them on some public roads.
Roads can also be designed with fences or covered with vegetation to prevent injury from car accidents. In some areas, electric wires have been put up along the sides of the road so that the Sambar deer have a physical barrier preventing them from crossing onto dangerous roads and highways.
These methods help protect bar deer from getting killed in areas where they are not allowed to be hunted or harmed, but this does nothing to protect them from being killed by hunters unless more animals are added to the population so that it is larger than what is considered sustainable.
Sambar deer can also be protected from getting hit by cars if some “deer-proof” fencing were installed along certain roads which would guide them into high-risk areas, away from highways where they are likely to get killed.
Sambar deer have very few predators due to their size and antlers, including tigers, black bears, dholes (Asiatic wild dogs), leopards, and crocodiles. Although these creatures rarely prey on adult Sambar deer they do sometimes kill young ones when given the opportunity.
To protect Sambar deer from being killed by predators, either animal control officials can be hired to remove threats in certain areas, or fences could be installed around pastures so that Sambar deer have a safe place to graze where they are not exposed to dangerous animals.
Although a few people have implemented a few strategies to help protect the Sambar deer from premature death, there is still more that needs to be done if their population is ever going to be stable and sustainable.
What is being done to help increase the lifespan of Sambar deer?
In some areas, hunters have been hired to kill certain species of deer that are not native to a given area because their presence decreases the population size of Sambar deer.
In India, there is a government-approved program where thousands of Sambar deer roam freely in national parks and no hunting is allowed. In many regions, there has been an explosion in the human population which has caused people to use much more land for farming including clearing forest habitats where these deer once lived.
As a result, there have been fewer places for them to eat and raise their young causing them to have fewer offspring each year which can decrease their numbers.
This has resulted in many natural park rangers being employed by different nations around the world so that they do not have to hunt wild deer and destroy their habitat.
These strategies have been implemented with varying degrees of success as some places still lack the proper population number of Sambar deer which causes many to die prematurely even with protection from external sources.
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